Install Zabbix 5 LTS On Debian 10

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Tutorial on how to install Zabbix 5 LTS on Debian 10

Add Zabbix repository

Add Zabbix Repository with the following commands

$ sudo apt update && sudo apt install wget
$ wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/5.0/debian/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_5.0-1+buster_all.deb
$ sudo apt install ./zabbix-release_5.0-1+buster_all.deb

Install Zabbix Server with Mariadb

Install Zabbix Server

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install zabbix-server-mysql

Install Mariadb and secure the database

$ sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client -y

#Set Root Password
$ sudo mysql

ALTER USER [email protected] IDENTIFIED VIA mysql_native_password;
SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD('[email protected][email protected]#$');
flush privileges;
quit

#Secure MariaDB by enter "Y" for all options
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation

Change the root password? [Y/n] n
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

# Start and enable Mariadb
$ sudo systemctl start mariadb
$ sudo systemctl enable mariadb

Verify Mariadb is installed successfully

$ sudo mariadb --version
mariadb  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.3.27-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) using readline 5.2

Create Database for Zabbix

Login to Mariadb

$ sudo mysql -u root -p

Create a new Zabbix Database (zabbixdb) and a new user (userzabbix). Replace SECURE_PASSWORD with your own password

CREATE DATABASE zabbixdb character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON zabbixdb.* TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'SECURE_PASSWORD';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
QUIT

Import initial schema and data

$ sudo zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -u userzabbix -p zabbixdb
Enter password: SECURE_PASSWORD

Configure Database Connection

$ sudo nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf

DBHost=localhost          ##Uncomment this option
DBName=zabbixdb           ##Key in the database name you configured
DBUser=userzabbix         ##Key in the username you configured
DBPassword=SECURE_PASSWORD   ##Key in the password you configured

Install Zabix Frontend

Install Nginx and PHP

$ sudo apt install zabbix-frontend-php zabbix-nginx-conf

Verify Nginx & PHP version installed

$ sudo nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.14.2

$ sudo php -v
PHP 7.3.19-1~deb10u1 (cli) (built: Jul  5 2020 06:46:45) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.3.19, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.3.19-1~deb10u1, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies

Configure PHP date.timezone parameter that Zabbix uses in its setup

[Date]
; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions
; http://php.net/date.timezone
date.timezone = Asia/Kuala_Lumpur

Restart PHP-FPM

$ sudo systemctl restart php7.3-fpm

Start Nginx Service and modify the Nginx configuration file created by Zabbix

$ sudo systemctl enable nginx
$ sudo systemctl start nginx

# Modify the Nginx Configuration File 
$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/zabbix.conf

server {
listen 80;                          ## Uncomment this part
server_name debian.aventis.dev;     ## Uncomment this part too

Change the default Nginx file in Debian to listen on different port

$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default
server {
listen 82 default_server;        ## Change from 80 to 82
listen [::]:82 default_server;   ## Change from 80 to 82 as well

Change permission on Zabbix Root Folder and restart Nginx

$ sudo chmod -R 775 /usr/share/zabbix/
$ sudo systemctl restart nginx

Secure Zabbix with HTTPS

Generate a free Let’s Encrypt SSL Certificate and configure HTTPS in Nginx refering to Enable Secure SSL with HTTP2 support in NGINX

Final Configuration with WebUI

Login to https://debian.aventis.dev to complete the final configuration

Install Zabbix 5.0 LTS On Debian 10

Verify there is no error or warning found and click Next Step

Enter the Database Name, Username with Password and click Next Step

Enter a friendly name for Zabbix and click Next Step

Review all the configuration and click Next Step

Configuration of Zabbix Frontend is completed successfully

Login to Zabbix with default username and password, Admin, zabbix

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